There is a risk that the U.S. Consulate will deny your application for a visitor visa. A B2 tourist visa is a nonimmigrant visa. By submitting Form I-130, you are applying for an immigrant visa. If the U.S. consulate believes that you are applying for a B2 visitor visa for the purpose of immigrating to the U.S., the consulate will deny your application for a tourist visa. Applying for a tourist visa will not affect your application for an immigrant visa.
You can apply for VAWA while living outside of the U.S. if you are able to prove that you were subjected to battery or extreme cruelty in the U.S.
As a lawful permanent resident, you may submit visa applications for the following family members: (1) your spouse, (2) your unmarried children under the age of 21, and (3) your unmarried children over the age of 21. When immigrating to the U.S., the spouse of a permanent resident may bring his or her unmarried child under the age of 21 years old as a “derivative beneficiary.”
If your foreign spouse is outside the U.S. and wants to immigrate to the U.S., the first step is to file Form I-130. Together with Form I-130, you must also submit supporting documents to prove that your spouse is eligible to immigrate to the U.S. Here is a checklist of the required documents: